Dropbox 开创者在 2012 年的 MIT 毕业典礼的演说全文

译文

“作者不再计较让生活百科,而是试图让它有趣。”

多谢 Reed 主席,恭喜全体 二零一二 级的同桌。

很欣喜回到 MIT,也很光荣前些天能和你们在联合署名。作者还是带着自身的 Brass
Rat,在结束学业那天转动那个戒指照旧是笔者生命中最自豪的时刻之一。

有很多缘故使这一天很尤其,但本人为你们的欢娱的因由是,那是你们人生中再也不供给勾选框框的率后天。

在你们的头 20
年,生命里的成功表示从一环跳到另一环:获得测验成绩、进入那所学院和学校,上课、获得那一个学位。进入一个好的部门,以便进入下2个好的部门。全体这一切都在明日身故了。

规划人生里最难的事是不通晓要去哪个地方,却期待不久到达那里。恐怕你会成立一家公司、治愈癌症或写伟大的United States立小学说。但什么人知道呢?这么些事可能会错得不可相信赖。作者也不知道。

前几日在此间穿着长袍演说并不是本身七年前安顿中的一片段。事实上,小编从不曾三个豪杰的陈设——而本身未来发现到,结束学业后大致从未或许有如此三个安排。

本身想了累累次,你们今日早先的活着到底有何样分化。小编想过借使重来作者会做什么样。你们知道的大半便是变得聪明和大力干活。但未曾人告诉您,今天之后,成功的的门径改变了。所以本身想给你们一张小抄,作者在祥和卒业的时候想要的那一张。

笔者的小抄上尚未过多内容。唯有一个网球、一个圆形和数字
20000。忍一下,笔者清楚未来它们还尚无别的意义。

自笔者 21 岁时在一家 Chili’s 酒馆里创建了第③家商家。笔者和协同创办人 AndrewCrick
都以第三回。大家不晓得是否须要穿着西装去市政厅,或是制作集团印章来打字与印刷主要的公文。后来大家发现只必要到网上填写一个报表,大致两分钟就足以了。那有好几断断续续,但大家早已开头做事情了。吃着洋葱圈,我们决定公司将为
SAT 制作一种崭新的网课。那时候半数以上子女依旧选用老式的 800
页课本,而此外网课一点都不佳。大家给它起名为 Accolade,2个 SAT
词汇,表示表彰荣誉。实际上,大家称之为 “Accolade
公司有限权利集团”,那样听起来更令人回忆深切。

本身在回村的路上停在了斯台普斯,储备了一部分卡片。很强烈,做工作最重视的手续是
PS
三个标志,然后打字与印刷一些名片,上边印着“创办者”。做事情的下1个手续是在议会上把它们发出去,然后告诉女孩们“是的,小编有1个商厦。”那太酷了。

但最好的有的是上学种种新东西。小编每一种暑假都住在兄弟会的房舍里,五楼有2个阶梯通到楼顶。笔者拖了1个木色尼龙折叠椅过去,还抱了许多从亚马逊购买的书过去,作者把各样星期三的时光都花在读书市镇、销售、管理等本身完全不打听的地点。作者并从未打算在
Phi Delta Theta 的屋顶上得到 MBA,但便是如此发生了。

两年后,事情开始走下坡路了。作者以为要获得进展尤为难了,有时候我会心绪失控,不可能解开关系平行线的数学题,或然无法相见
3:45
离开Madison的火车。小编想稍稍事情出现了难点。笔者因为没有生产力而深感愧疚。创办一家商厦直接是本身的只求,只怕,作者从没那些力量。

从而笔者休息了一小段日子。当然,倘若你在 6
班,“休息”有时候表示写八个扑克牌机器人。对于那多少个不领会什么样是扑克机器人的同室,正是您在网上玩扑克牌游戏,坐着点了何时辰的按钮,然后输掉全数钱。而三个扑克牌机器人则代表能够让电脑为你输掉全部钱。

但那是三个动人的挑衅。小编被它控制了。哪怕是洗澡的时候本人也会考虑它。晚上的时候也会盘算。就像打开了三个开关——小编猛然成为了一台机器。

展开到中路的时候,父母希望大家富有的人去新罕布什(Bush)尔州过一回家庭周末。但自个儿实在想继承做小编的扑克牌机器人。所以我打开自个儿的CIMA后备箱,然后把电脑和电缆全体拖到了我们的斗室里。餐厅桌子不够大,所以本人把具有的锅和物价指数都移走了,为自小编的显示屏腾出空间。此次是自身妈觉得本人出现了难点。她坚信自身及时就要进牢房了。

自个儿立时视为为喜爱的东西工作,但实质上并不是如此。很简单说服自个儿正在做的事是爱护的——什么人想确认并不是啊?当自个儿想开那一点时,作者精通的这几个最欢愉和最成功的人不惟爱他们做的事,他们痴迷于消除一个根本的题材,对她们来说根本的作业。他们让本人纪念狗追棒球:它们的眼睛看起来有些疯狂,绳子甩手它们飞奔出去,撞走途中的别的事物。小编有一部分任何朋友也很拼命干活、获得了富贵的工资,但他们抱怨像被铐在了办公桌上。

难题是不可胜数人绝非即时找到他们的网球。不要误会小编的情趣——小编喜爱和下壹位一律的好好条件测试,但变成
SAT 家庭作业届的国王并不是自小编想要的。让自己倍感恐惧的是,扑克牌机器人和
Dropbox
一开首都以让小编分心的工作。笔者脑海中那幽微的声音告诉笔者应当去哪儿,但本人直接在让它闭嘴,那样自身才能回去工作。但有时候小动静才是最好的。

本人花了一段时间才领会,工作最卖力的人并不费事,因为她俩顺练有素。他们努力干活,因为消除3个让人鼓舞的标题一定幽默。所今后天之后,不要再强迫本人;而要找到自个儿的网球,那件带动你的事。只怕必要花点时间,但一而再遵守内心中那微小的声音,知道您找到它。

让大家回去自个儿结业的那多少个夏季,你将要赶到的伏季。笔者兄弟会的贰个兄弟,Adam
Smith,以及她的爱侣 马特 Brezina
即将创办一家同盟社,我们决定联合在三个旅舍工作,那样会很有趣。

那是2个完美的三夏——大致完美。空气调节坏了,所以大家都穿着四角裤编码。艾达m 和
马特全天候办事,但随着时间推移,他们时时刻刻被秘密的出资人拉走,投资人会享受温馨的机密、带他们坐直接升学机。小编有点嫉妒——作者早已为本身的企业管理办公室事了两年,Adam
只工作了多少个月。小编的直升机在哪个地方坐?

业务只会变得更糟。5月要到了,Adam
告诉笔者四个坏新闻:他们要搬出去了。不仅是太热了,还有他们要去硅谷了,他们做出真正的走动了,而自个儿却不曾。

老是小编给 Adam
打电话都会听到工作在哪些实行。总是极度好。“大家前几日上午见到了
Vinod,”他会如此跟自个儿说。Vinod Khosla 是 Sun Microsystems的一块儿开创者、亿万富翁投资人。然后 Adam
丢出了一枚炸弹,“他就要给大家五百万英镑。”

自家为他觉得欢悦,但这对自个儿的话是二个吃惊。他是本身忠实的乒球清酒游戏伙伴,也是自个儿汉子会里的妹夫,比本人小两岁。作者不可能再有借口了。他立时要在场一流碗了,而自作者甚至尚未在选秀中被选上。Adam
当时并不知道,他踢了我一下,小编正供给这一弹指间。是时候改变了。

世家平时说您是与您常在一起的 5人的平均值。花一分钟想转手:你的圈子是哪五人?笔者有贰个好消息,MIT
是世界上树立那一个世界最好的地点之一。倘诺笔者从今后此处,小编不会遇上
Adam,小编也不会遇上自身神奇的联合创办人,Arash,也就不会有 Dropbox。

目前自家就学到了,让祥和被鼓舞人心的人包围,和有天赋或用力干活一样主要。你能设想迈克尔·Jordan没有进来
National Basketball Association,他身边的 5 个人是一群外国人啊?你的小圈子拉动你变得更好,便是 Adam
带动本身同一。

明天你的园地将会增高,会席卷你的同事和四周的种种人。你住的地点会有影响:唯有贰个MIT,唯有贰个好莱坞,唯有一个硅谷。那不是巧合:无论你在从事什么,顶级的红颜平日只去2个地点。你应有去那里。不要在任何任哪个地方方定居。结识小编觉着的威猛然后向他们念书,给了本身伟大的优势。你觉得的勇于也是您圈子的一局地——跟随他们。如若的确的走动发生在任何的地点,那就去。

结业后你会踩进的结尾一个坑是“准备好了。”不要误会作者的意趣:学习是你的主要职责,但以后最快的就学情势就是去做。如若您有贰个目的在于,你能够用毕生的时间来上学和筹划,来为之做好准备。你以往应该做的正是发端。

心怀坦白说,小编从没有觉得自个儿“准备好了。”,直到大家的第②个投资人说了好,然后问大家钱送到哪里。对于
24 岁的人来说,那正是圣诞节——打开礼物便是在 bankofamerica.com
上三次又三遍刷新,瞧着您的商户账户从 60 比索到 120
万美元。刚初始自作者热情洋溢——那个数字里甚至有三个逗号!作者截了张图——然后本身豁然有点反胃。有一天那些人会把钱要回到。笔者要好毕竟他妈的获得了什么样?

你们已经清楚那种感觉:在 MIT
我们称它为”用消防栓喝水。“它就如听起来的那么好玩,大家都有内出血来表明它。但大家也学到了,那是对你有裨益的。前些天,三个阀门关上了。你供给出去找到另八个消火栓。

Dropbox
是自个儿的。正像你们估计的,建设这家店铺是本人生命中最令人开心、有趣和扩充的经历。但小编并未当真说出去的是,它也是最屈辱、衰颓和优伤的阅历,作者照旧数不出出错的政工的数据。

有幸的是,那并没有涉嫌。没有人在现实生活中取得
5.0。事实上,结束学业之后,GPA
的确实概念就没有了。当你在学堂时,各个细微的不当都会成为你那面挡风玻璃的永久裂缝。但在切实可行世界中,若是您不是历次都转身去撞墙,就不会走的那么快。你最大的高风险不是败退,而是变得太舒服。

Bill·盖茨的第三家公司营造交通灯软件。Steve·Jobs的首先家商店做塑料口哨,能够让你拨打免费电话。四个都未果了,但很难想象她们曾对此很颓废。那是前日的改变中自己最喜爱的事情。你不再指点表示您富有错误数量的数字。从后天始发,退步都并未提到:你只要求成功三回。

本人原先担心种种各类的工作,但自个儿得以回忆本身平静下来的那一刻。作者正好搬到墨尔本,一天夜晚自家睡不着,所以小编打开了自个儿的台式机电脑。笔者在网上读到“你的人生有
两千0 天。”初步小编从没想太多,但本人猛然想在总结器上打出去。作者输入 24 乘以
365,然后——作者的天,作者一度与世长辞了差不离 七千 天。小编他妈平素在做什么样?

(顺便说一句:你们过去了 八千 天。)

之所以那正是 贰仟0
为何出现在小抄上。那天夜里,作者发现到没有热身、没有练习的回合、没有重置按钮。每日大家都在为大家的故事写下多少个新的句子。当你死的时候,不会像“那儿躺了
Drew,他是第 17二个来的。”所以从这时起,小编不再计较让生活圆满,而是试图让它有趣。笔者盼望自个儿的旧事会是七个冒险——那就形成了有着的界别。

本人曾祖母前几天在那里,上周我们会庆祝她的 9肆周岁生日。作者搬到加州后大家越多通过对讲机交换。但有一件事平素让自个儿嫌疑,她老是用1个单词来终止大家的电话:“Excelsior”,意思是“平昔发展。”

明日在你们的毕业典礼上,你们现实生活的率后天,那是作者为你们许的心愿。不要试图让生活百科,给自个儿随便让它变成三遍冒险,并且永远向上。谢谢。

网球 1

原文

Below is the prepared text of the Commencement address by Drew Houston
’05, the CEO of Dropbox, for MIT’s 147th
Commencement

held June 7, 2013.

Thank you Chairman Reed, and congratulations to all of you in the class
of 2013.

I’m so happy to be back at MIT, and it’s an honor to be here with you
today. I still wear my Brass Rat, and turning this ring around on
graduation day is still one of the proudest moments of my life.

There are a lot of reasons why this is a special day, but the reason I’m
so excited for all of you is that today is the first day of your life
where you no longer need to check boxes.

For your first couple decades, success in life has meant jumping through
one hoop after another: get these test scores, get into this college.
Take these classes, get this degree. Get into this prestigious
institution so you can get into the next prestigious institution. All of
that ends today.

The hard thing about planning your life is you have no idea where you’re
going, but you want to get there as soon as possible. Maybe you’ll start
a company, or cure cancer, or write the great American novel. Or who
knows? Maybe things will go horribly wrong. I had no idea.

Being up here in robes and speaking to all of you today wasn’t exactly
part of my plan seven years ago. In fact, I’ve never really had a grand
plan — and what I realize now is that it’s probably impossible to have
one after graduation, if ever.

I’ve thought a lot about what’s different about the life you’re
beginning today. I’ve thought about what I would do if I had to start
all over again. What got you here was basically being smart and working
hard. But nobody tells you that after today, the recipe for success
changes. So what I want to do is give you a little cheat sheet, the one
I would have loved to have had on my graduation day.

If you were to look at my cheat sheet, there wouldn’t be a lot on it.
There would be a tennis ball, a circle, and the number 30,000. I know
this doesn’t make any sense right now, but bear with me.

I started my first company in a Chili’s when I was 21. My cofounder,
Andrew Crick, and I had never done this before. We were wondering if you
needed to wear a suit to City Hall, or if you needed to make a company
seal for stamping important documents. It turns out you can just go
online and fill out a form and be done in about two minutes. It was a
little anti-climactic, but we were in business. Over onion strings we
decided that our company was going to make a new kind of online course
for the SAT. Most kids back then were still using these old-school
800-page books, and the other online prep courses weren’t very good. We
called it Accolade, an SAT vocab word meaning an award of distinction.
Well, actually, we called it “The Accolade Group, LLC” which we thought
sounded a lot more impressive.

I stopped at Staples on the way home to pick up some card stock.
Clearly, the most important order of business was to Photoshop a logo
and print out some business cards that said “Founder” on them. The next
order of business was to hand them out at conferences, and tell girls
“why yes, I do have a company.” It was awesome.

But the best part was learning all kinds of new things. I lived in my
fraternity house every summer, and up on the fifth floor there’s a
ladder that goes up to the roof. I had this green nylon folding chair
that I’d drag up there along with armfuls of business books I bought off
Amazon and I’d spend every weekend reading about marketing, sales,
management and all these other things I knew nothing about. I wasn’t
planning to get my MBA on the roof of Phi Delta Theta, but that’s what
happened.

A couple years later, things started going downhill. I felt like I had
to paddle harder and harder to make progress, and at some point I just
snapped and couldn’t deal with any more math questions about parallel
lines or the train leaving Memphis at 3:45. I figured something was
wrong with me. I felt guilty for being so unproductive. Starting a
company had been my dream, and, well, maybe I didn’t have what it takes
after all.

So I took a little break. Of course, if you’re in course 6, sometimes
“taking a break” means writing a poker bot. For those of you who don’t
know what a poker bot is, what happens when you play poker online is
first, you sit for hours and click buttons, and then you lose all your
money. A poker bot means you can have your computer lose all your money
for you.
But it was a fascinating challenge. I was possessed. I would think about
it in the shower. I would think about it in the middle of the night. It
was like a switch went on — suddenly I was a machine.

In the middle of all this, my mom and dad wanted all of us to come up to
New Hampshire to spend a family weekend together. But I really wanted to
keep working on my poker bot. So I pull up in my Accord and open the
trunk, and next I’m dragging all my computer stuff and all these wires
into our little cottage. The dining room table wasn’t big enough so I
started moving all the pots and pans off the stove to make room for all
my monitors. This time it was my mom who thought something was wrong
with me. She was convinced I was going to jail.
I was going to say work on what you love, but that’s not really it. It’s
so easy to convince yourself that you love what you’re doing — who wants
to admit that they don’t? When I think about it, the happiest and most
successful people I know don’t just love what they do, they’re obsessed
with solving an important problem, something that matters to them. They
remind me of a dog chasing a tennis ball: their eyes go a little crazy,
the leash snaps and they go bounding off, plowing through whatever gets
in the way. I have some other friends who also work hard and get paid
well in their jobs, but they complain as if they were shackled to a
desk.
The problem is a lot of people don’t find their tennis ball right away.
Don’t get me wrong — I love a good standardized test as much as the next
guy, but being king of SAT prep wasn’t going to be mine. What scares me
is that both the poker bot and Dropbox started out as distractions. That
little voice in my head was telling me where to go, and the whole time I
was telling it to shut up so I could get back to work. Sometimes that
little voice knows best.
It took me a while to get it, but the hardest-working people don’t work
hard because they’re disciplined. They work hard because working on an
exciting problem is fun. So after today, it’s not about pushing
yourself; it’s about finding your tennis ball, the thing that pulls you.
It might take a while, but until you find it, keep listening for that
little voice.

Let’s go back to the summer after my graduation, the summer you’re about
to have. One of my fraternity brothers, Adam Smith, and his friend Matt
Brezina were starting a company and we decided it would be fun for all
of us to work together out of one apartment.

It was the perfect summer — well, almost perfect. The air conditioner
was broken so we were all coding in our boxers. Adam and Matt were
working around the clock, but as time went on they kept getting pulled
away by potential investors who would share their secrets and take them
on helicopter rides. I was a little jealous — I had been working on my
company for a couple years and Adam had only been at it for a couple
months. Where were my helicopter rides?

Things only got worse. August rolled around and Adam gave me the bad
news: they were moving out. Not only was my supply of Hot Pockets cut
off, but they were off to Silicon Valley, where the real action was
happening, and I wasn’t.

Every now and then I’d give Adam a call and hear how things were going.
Things were always pretty good. “We met with Vinod this afternoon,” he
would tell me. Vinod Khosla is the billionaire investor and cofounder of
Sun Microsystems. Then Adam dropped the bomb. “He’s going to give us
five million dollars.”

I was thrilled for him, but it was a shock for me. Here was my faithful
beer pong partner and my little brother in the fraternity, two years
younger than me. I was out of excuses. He was off to the Super Bowl and
I wasn’t even getting drafted. He had no idea at the time, but Adam had
given me just the kick I needed. It was time for a change.

They say that you’re the average of the 5 people you spend the most time
with. Think about that for a minute: who would be in your circle of 5? I
have some good news: MIT is one of the best places in the world to start
building that circle. If I hadn’t come here, I wouldn’t have met Adam, I
wouldn’t have met my amazing cofounder, Arash, and there would be no
Dropbox.
One thing I’ve learned is surrounding yourself with inspiring people is
now just as important as being talented or working hard. Can you imagine
if Michael Jordan hadn’t been in the NBA, if his circle of 5 had been a
bunch of guys in Italy? Your circle pushes you to be better, just as
Adam pushed me.

And now your circle will grow to include your coworkers and everyone
around you. Where you live matters: there’s only one MIT. And there’s
only one Hollywood and only one Silicon Valley. This isn’t a
coincidence: for whatever you’re doing, there’s usually only one place
where the top people go. You should go there. Don’t settle for anywhere
else. Meeting my heroes and learning from them gave me a huge advantage.
Your heroes are part of your circle too — follow them. If the real
action is happening somewhere else, move.

The last trap you might fall into after school is “getting ready.” Don’t
get me wrong: learning is your top priority, but now the fastest way to
learn is by doing. If you have a dream, you can spend a lifetime
studying and planning and getting ready for it. What you should be doing
is getting started.

Honestly, I don’t think I’ve ever been “ready.” I remember the day our
first investors said yes and asked us where to send the money. For a 24
year old, this is Christmas — and opening your present is hitting
refresh over and over on bankofamerica.com and watching your company’s
checking account go from 60 dollars to 1.2 million dollars. At first I
was ecstatic — that number has two commas in it! I took a screenshot —
but then I was sick to my stomach. Someday these guys are going to want
this back. What the hell have I gotten myself into?
You already know this feeling: at MIT we call it “drinking from the
firehose.” It’s about as fun as it sounds, and all of us have the
internal bleeding to prove it. But we’ve also learned it’s good for you.
Today, one valve shuts off. Now you need to go out and find another
firehose.
Dropbox has been mine. As you might expect, building this company has
been the most exciting, interesting and fulfilling experience of my
life. What I haven’t really shared is that it’s also been the most
humiliating, frustrating and painful experience too, and I can’t even
count the number of things that have gone wrong.

Fortunately, it doesn’t matter. No one has a 5.0 in real life. In fact,
when you finish school, the whole notion of a GPA just goes away. When
you’re in school, every little mistake is a permanent crack in your
windshield. But in the real world, if you’re not swerving around and
hitting the guard rails every now and then, you’re not going fast
enough. Your biggest risk isn’t failing, it’s getting too comfortable.

Bill Gates’s first company made software for traffic lights. Steve
Jobs’s first company made plastic whistles that let you make free phone
calls. Both failed, but it’s hard to imagine they were too upset about
it. That’s my favorite thing that changes today. You no longer carry
around a number indicating the sum of all your mistakes. From now on,
failure doesn’t matter: you only have to be right once.

I used to worry about all kinds of things, but I can remember the moment
when I calmed down. I had just moved to San Francisco, and one night I
couldn’t sleep so I was on my laptop. I read something online that said
“There are 30,000 days in your life.” At first I didn’t think much of
it, but on a whim I tabbed over to the calculator. I type in 24 times
365 and — oh my God, I’m almost 9,000 days down. What the hell have I
been doing?

(By the way: you guys are 8,000 days down.)

So that’s how 30,000 ended up on the cheat sheet. That night, I realized
there are no warmups, no practice rounds, no reset buttons. Every day
we’re writing a few more words of a story. And when you die, it’s not
like “here lies Drew, he came in 174th place.” So from then on, I
stopped trying to make my life perfect, and instead tried to make it
interesting. I wanted my story to be an adventure — and that’s made all
the difference.

My grandmother is here today, and next week we’ll be celebrating her
95th birthday. We talk more on the phone now that I’ve moved out to
California. But one thing that’s stuck with me is she always ends our
phone calls with one word: “Excelsior,” which means “ever upward.”
And today on your commencement, your first day of life in the real
world, that’s what I wish for you. Instead of trying to make your life
perfect, give yourself the freedom to make it an adventure, and go ever
upward. Thank you.

网球运动能够吸引复发性风湿病,那重庆大学是出于肘关节在拓展伸展运动的时候力度比较大,肘部受损的机会也正如多,导致肋骨骨折(畅瑞康舒肘通筋贴)的出现。

在线观望阐述

网球,事实上,不仅是网球运动会出现高弓足,在展开其他活动的时候也会吸引股骨头坏死,如羽毛球、理发、修理机械、操作电脑等,这一个活动都可能诱发行股票骨头坏死。

居然很多肘关节活动不是很多的人,由于一些受到侵凌或发烧的时候,都会造成肌腱纤维退化、老化,导致平底足的面世。

滑囊炎的要害表现是肘关节持续性疼痛,关节运动受到震慑,特别是在伸直肘部关节或旋转前臂的时候,疼痛会愈发的决定。

平底足伤者应该适当的进行用逸待劳,幸免肘部过度磨损,加重病者疼痛。

尚未患上跟骨骨折的人还要注意幸免孟氏平底足,进行适当的体锻,做好丰裕的准备,对于久远举办体力活动的人,要留心制止肘部过度活动。还要注意适量的拓展劳逸结合,有指向的实行移动。